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Ancient Art from Cyprus: The Cesnola Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Pergamon and the Hellenistic Kingdoms of the Ancient World p.
The museum archaeologists have devised a rack and roping device to illustrate how the cargo might have been kept from shifting.
Below: Panathenaic prize amphora in the black-figure style, showing the goddess Athena An amphora (Greek: Αμφορέας, English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least as early as the Neolithic Period.
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The largest stands as tall as 1.5 metres (5 ft) high, while some were fewer than 30 centimetres (12 in) high - the smallest were called amphoriskoi (literally "little amphorae"). There was a significant degree of standardisation in some variants; the wine amphora held a standard measure of about 39 litres (41 US qt), giving rise to the amphora quadrantal as a unit of measure in the Roman Empire.
Heather and reeds might be used as packing around the vases. The base also concentrated deposits from liquids with suspended solid particles, such as olive oil and wines.The Euphiletos Painter was trained in the black-figure technique.It is interesting to compare the firm, deliberate incision in his works with the looser, freer line of artists like the Berlin Painter.Two principal types of amphorae existed: the neck amphora, in which the neck and body meet at a sharp angle; and the one-piece amphora, in which the neck and body form a continuous curve.Neck amphorae were commonly used in the early history of ancient Greece, but were gradually replaced by the one-piece type from around the 7th century BC onward.